If you plan on starting a website for any reason, you will need to look for a host to support it. Whether you choose to pay for a shared hosting service or opt for private VPS hosting, it is critical that you get the most for your money. This means asking a series of questions to help you gauge which host is the best to meet your needs.
1. Do You Offer Live Customer Support?
There is nothing worse than not knowing why your site is down or is not working properly. Whether you are having a minor issue such as slower load times or a major issue such as your site being hacked, that issue needs to be fixed quickly. Unless you can call someone right away to resolve the matter, it could be hours or days before it gets fixed. Waiting that long can be devastating to someone running an eCommerce site or one dedicated to their brand.
2. How Are the Servers Secured?
You can think of a shared server as the equivalent to renting an apartment within a complex. While you have your own space within the complex, you are relying on another entity to keep it secure. Just like you wouldn’t rent an apartment without a doorman or with doors that need a card to be unlocked, you wouldn’t want to use a web host that didn’t adequately protect its servers from attack.
3. Is Consistent Uptime Guaranteed?
Ideally, your site will be up at least 99.9 percent of the time. While some outages can be expected after a natural disaster or other unprecedented attacks, they should not be something that you deal with regularly. For every minute that your site is down, you could lose hundreds or thousands of dollars from lost sales or lost advertising because ads can’t load. It may also be good to ask if there is any recourse available if uptime guarantees are not met.
4. Can You Create Copies of Your Site?
Creating copies of your site is important for two reasons. First, it makes it easier to export site content to other hosts if necessary. Second, it makes it possible to put an earlier version of your site in the event that your server is down or is otherwise not responding.
Where you ultimately host your site is just as important as the content that you put on it. Slow load times or poor security could make your site vulnerable to being ranked poorly in search engines. It could also lead to customer or other sensitive information being leaked. Therefore, make sure that your host offers adequate security and can keep your site working properly at all times.
There are lots of web hosting services that connect businesses, individuals, and other types of organizations to the Internet. So how do you choose the right one for yourself? To be sure your hosting company supports your needs and not create uncalled for hurdles to your site’s success, select an ideal hosting plan and then use the following tips to help you choose the most appropriate web hosting service.
1. Security Strength
Security is indispensable so your choice of web host can make a big difference to how successful your business grows. Go for a web host that offers strong firewalls and intrusion protection and a backup service. With a reliable backup service, when your website is taken offline, you are able to restore it easily within a short period of time. You can consider dedicated hosting, but if security and your budget are your major concerns, VPS hosting is the best for you.
Once you’ve picked an ideal hosting plan, look for a specific provider that offers reasonable rates. Avoid free hosting services completely. They are always unreliable and have on-site advertisements.
3. Control Panel
A control panel is a place where you manage both your site and server. It enables you to edit your site, install new software and updates and add new features. The panel is also the location where you go to when you want to upgrade your account and, if need be, add new hosting services. The right control panel should be user-friendly and offer you lots of options.
4. Customer Support
Whether you are an experienced digital business owner or a beginner, you need a reliable customer support behind your hosting plan. While we all don’t want to anticipate shortcomings, things do go wrong on websites. It’s best to be sure that when things go wrong on your site’s backend, you will get the support you need at the right time.
Consider hosting companies that provide 24/7 phone support as well as online chat and email access. Test out these features before committing to any plan. Ask questions and carefully evaluate how and when the companies respond to them.
5. Customer Reviews
In the current digital age, customer reviews have become incredibly easy to find, and they are a great way to evaluate different web hosts. Search for as many reviews as possible from different platforms. A single positive review could be misleading you as web hosting services are also working hard to try to win more and more customers.
You don’t want to spend a lot of money and time into designing a website and end up annoying your visitors with slow load time as soon as you launch it. Look out for a service that has features that make websites load fast.
Your web host offers you a virtual storefront. Use the above tips to choose the right virtual storefront and succeed in whatever you do.
In simple terms, this means that the internet is increasing its address directory. There are 4 billion IP addresses on the Internet. This means that there are 4 billion devices that are uniquely identified on the Internet. With the introduction of IPv6 (IP version six), the number is expected to grow to over 340 undecillion devices on the internet.
There are more than enough devices connected to the Internet through IPv4. Moreover, the number of devices connecting to the internet is growing faster than the population. By the end of 2020, we are expecting the number of devices connecting to the Internet will outnumber the population.
What is IPv6 (Internet Protocol Version 6)?
The internet protocol version six is often deployed to fulfill the need for more internet protocol address. IP version six is the newest version of Internet Protocols. IP version six is the successor of the IPv4. It was also designed to be an upgrade IP address pool to coexist with the IPv4. IP version six was also designed to allow more devices to connect to the internet to result in its growth. IP version six is also referred to as the next generation of the internet and its standard. It was born out of the concern that IP address demand would increase.
The Benefits of IPv6
While increasing the IP address pool is one of the main benefits of IPv6, there are other imperative technological changes IP version six that is set to improve IP protocol.
• No more network address translation
• Simple header format
• No more private address collisions
• True service quality flexible extensions and options
• Easier administration
The Difference Between IPv6 and IPv4 Addresses
IP addresses are binary numbers that are often stored in forms of texts for human readers. For instance, the 32-bit address associated with IPv4. The IP version six is a 128-bit address that is often written in hexadecimal with the separation of colons.
How is IPv6 different/better than IPv4?
It was designed to expand the pool of IP addresses and to expense some other benefits into the internet. Because of the IPv4 death, most of the internet access devices rely on the network address translation. With the use of IP version six, each device has the capability to own its IP address. Most business and home internet users rely on one IP address that is assigned to them by the router. Tin turn, the router uses the IP addresses to the devices that are attached to them. To learn more, please visit the www.bluecatnetworks.com website.
The router translates the assigned IP address to the public address to enhance communications on the internet. All devices are often accessible on the internet to make it easier for the people to manage things like file sharing, automation, and peer-to-peer programs.
Hackers keep finding out numerous ways to disrupt your servers. According to www.bluecatnetworks.com, DNS spoofing is one of such methods which affect your network to a large extent. You might have heard a lot about DNS spoofing and how it affects your network. Let’s see what it is all about:
It Is A Kind Of A ‘Man In The Middle’ Attack
A type of attack where the hacker makes both the parties believe that they are communicating with each other, while none of them are doing so.
Fake DNS Information Is Presented To The Victim
When the victim requests a DNS query, fake information is presented by the hacker, which results in visiting a site that you didn’t want to. For example, if you want to visit a site www.example.com, you would be directed to another site due to the spoofed queries.
The Attacker Responds To The DNS Request Earlier Than The Actual Response
When a DNS query is made, the hacker and tries to respond as soon as possible, before the actual query response.
The IP Address Is Changed
You would be wondering how you are made to visit another site while querying for the original one. That is done by changing the IP Address. When the user requests a query, the IP address is changed, which makes the user visit another site.
If you are hosting a DNS server, it’s your duty to make sure that your users don’t fall in the spoofing trap. To prevent yourself from these attacks you can follow the following methods:
spoofing detection software
A software which comes with built-in mechanisms to detect spoofing attacks.
The user is able to validate the authenticity of the server through this kind of encryption.
Domain Name System Security Extensions can help overcome the threat of attacks by determining data authenticity.
Security is a matter of mass concern and you can not risk it. Therefore, make sure that you don’t let the DNS attacks be a hindrance to your security.
Resources on the Internet are easily found because of a system that converts numeric addresses to manageable names. Despite its low visibility, the Dynamic Name System (DNS) makes the online world work smoothly as people around the world use it for everything from email to e-commerce.mEveryone who manages a domain has the responsibility to add their information to the global distributed database that powers the system.
In many cases, customers allow their Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to manage their settings, so many business and personal internet users have little or no hands-on contact with the system. In fact, few people realize the importance of the DNS until a system outage or denial of service attack makes online resources inaccessible. Learning why the name system matters will help you make the right decisions when tasked with managing it for your organization.
Mail servers use the Dynamic Name System to reject messages that come from invalid addresses. Relatively recent developments such as DomainKeys (DKIM) and the Sender Policy Framework (SPF) control outbound access to mail servers by allowing authorized users of your domain to send mail while denying access to outsiders.
A well-functioning DNS can protect internet users from phasing scams and other threats because the DNS ensures that the server names that you type into your web browser, email client and other applications take you to the correct destination. The system also supports real-time blacklists that help protect individual and business internet users from online threats.
Your Dynamic Name System entries supply outside users with public information about your domain. The system also allows users within your organization to use a different addresses, so your organization enjoys a basic amount of privacy. Without the distinction between internal and external addresses, anyone on the internet could have a chance to access sensitive information stored on your private network.
Enterprise networks depend on a properly configured naming system to allow business teams access to needed resources so they can be productive. Microsoft Active Directory and competing solutions complement domain name services and control access to enterprise resources, such as private clouds, while minimizing the number of requests that are routed over the public cloud.
Many servers around the world comprise the DNS, making its proper operation dependent on entities that are out of the purview of most business and individual internet users. The importance of the system is reflected by its role in making digital resources conveniently accessible while keeping users safe, private and productive. Pay careful attention to the configuration of the servers, workstations and devices that you control to make DNS work for you. If you are interested, you may do additional research at the www.bluecatnetworks.com website for more information.
n less than five years, more than 30 billion devices will be connected to the internet. Therefore, there will be more work for the Domain Name System (DNS). Unfortunately the number of threats to dns security is rising with every additional connection of devices to the internet, giving hackers a field day. Thus, businesses and innovative enterprises have to work round the clock in search for new ways of protection.
While there is continuous development of new means of protection against DNS attacks, hackers are also working hard in coming up with new ways of demolishing them. Remember, there is no way of annihilating all DNS attacks. You can, however, beat them by using the latest versions of protective software.
Authoritative and Recursive Servers
One of the ways hackers may use to compromise your dns security is blocking your access to an internet service. Usually, they do this by filling the website you are keen on visiting with so many queries that the traffic volumes become too high for you to access it. In addition, hackers may create malware in a computer with the aim of spreading it to all other computers in the same network.
Authoritative servers only respond to queries they are sure of and enable the disabling of recursive. To boost security, you can always include another DNS server with separate authoritative and recursive features but within one appliance with the other one. Additionally, efficiency and reliability of the DNS services is greatly improved.
Vulnerability in the software of your DNS server may be easily overlooked, leaving a loophole for attackers to exploit in an attempt to compromise it. The best way to protect yourself against such an unexpected attack is running different algorithm types on different DNS engines, thus confusing the attackers. In the event that the dns security system gives a new security alert, you can temporarily move to an alternative engine. Meanwhile, security upgrades on the original engine can be patched, tested and validated. In addition, it would be hard for attackers to know which software is in operation.
The basic means of putting up a guard against malware is installation of a DNS firewall. It prevents diversion of your workstation to suspect sites. In addition, the firewall prevents spreading of infectious malware by putting the infected user in Walled Garden isolation. Therefore, the administrator will receive notification whenever a user is infected and take the necessary action.
The rise of internet use in cloud solutions, mobile and billions of other devices connected to the internet presents a good opportunity for DNS attackers to engage in their trade. To be safe, therefore, you must always be ahead of the game by being on the lookout for up-to-date dns security strategies.
The Internet Engineering Task Force or IETF is a structured pursuit of the Internet Society or ISOC, which is a non-profit organization. The core mission of the IETF is to produce technical documents that can help organizations and individuals design, manage and use the Internet more effectively. A recent IETF publication advises that developers can enhance DNS security against denial-of-service exploits by adding cookies, those same files used to track user sessions on the Web.
Fundamental Issues with DNS
The domain name system or DNS is a fundamental yet old and arguably outmoded aspect of the foundation of the Internet. Its most basic and essential function is to translate between IP addresses and addresses that humans can read and remember easily. dns security is a substantial and increasing security concern because DNS is often manipulated as traffic amplifiers in DoS attacks.
Introducing RFC 7873
In RFC 7873, which was put forth by IETF participants Donald Eastlake and Mark Andrews, the authors explore the idea that these amplification attacks could be mitigated and thus DNS security enhanced via cookie deployment. The document defines a cookie as being a lightweight mechanism for security transactions, which could provide limited but useful and efficient protection against amplification, forgery, cache poisoning and other DNS security concerns.
How Cookies Would Work
Such cookies could not be used to track users since they’d only be returnable to the originating address, and the added protection would come via the fact that attackers would need to guess the 64-bit value of the cookie, which would be nigh impossible given the time limitations. Client cookies would be created by using the server IP address, the client IP address and a randomized value known only to the client. Server cookies would be similar, but the secret value would be known only to the server.
The document also provides a number of practical illustrations of how these cookies can enhance DNS security in real-world scenarios, such as:
• Server DoS — A cookie would make it easy to identify fake requests. This would not eliminate the impact, but it would mitigate it greatly by avoiding unnecessary cryptographic mechanisms, recursive queries and other resource-intensive operations.
• DNS Amplification — Amplification attacks are successful because of heightened traffic, but cookies would make it difficult for attackers to achieve much more than limited error responses. That wouldn’t be very useful to them and would theoretically eliminate amplification as a security risk.
• Forged addresses — Basic DoS attacks employ forged client addresses. Cookies won’t help thwart such attacks, but they would make it much easier to identify legitimate communication. That’s half the battle since resources can be allocated to the appropriate clients more easily.